Anarchism, the Republic and Civil War in Spain: 1931-1939 by Julián Casanova

By Julián Casanova

The Spanish Civil battle grew to become the environment for the fight among revolution and counter-revolution in addition to being, for plenty of outsiders, where of armed clash among the forces of democracy and fascism. This ebook is a path-breaking synthesis of political, social and cultural historical past about the anarchist revolution in the course of the Spanish Civil battle via Spain's top historian of the Civil conflict.

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Extra resources for Anarchism, the Republic and Civil War in Spain: 1931-1939 (Routledge Canada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain)

Sample text

24 The response of the CNT emerged very quickly, and in the same place that their activists had chosen as the battleground – the street. Between May and July The seeds of confrontation 31 1931, the CNT declared a series of strikes, in which the communists sometimes participated. These led to a considerable number of deaths in the street, as in Pasajes and Seville, and put an untimely end to the aspirations of the more moderate socialists. The ‘civil war’ between the two union practices grew more intense in June, with the strike convoked by the Sindicato Unico de Mineros in Asturias (a union controlled jointly by anarchists and communists).

Fifty-seven point three per cent of the 28 The seeds of confrontation population had been occupied in the primary sector in 1920. 5 per cent in 1930. 5 per cent and the population active in the service sector had risen from 21 per cent to 28 per cent. Agriculture still accounted for half of economic production in 1935. However, as recent studies have pointed out, the Spanish economy was advancing along the route of modernisation in those years. Furthermore, new ideas and new institutions were appearing on the scene.

In comparison with previous epochs the fate of the rural proletariat seemed to have taken a favourable turn. However, this vision began to run aground as the slowness of agrarian reform became obvious. Unemployment continued to flood the horizon, resources were failing and some of the more radical expressions of agricultural protest ended with severe punishment meted out to the protesters. The year 1932 was not uneventful, but it was in 1933 that the rivalry between employers and workers and between the two union organisations over the distribution of work and jobs reached its peak of intensity.

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