An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy 2nd Ed. by Oliver Leaman

By Oliver Leaman

Even supposing Islamic philosophy represents some of the most very important philosophical traditions on the planet, it has basically particularly lately began to obtain cognizance within the non-Islamic international. this can be a new version of a winning introductory booklet, increased and up-to-date to take account of contemporary scholarship. It makes a speciality of what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and should entice scholars and to any normal reader attracted to this philosophical culture.

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It is probably in reaction to this charge that philosophy is a radically alien activity that al-F¯ar¯ab¯ı tried rather unconvincingly to provide philosophy with an Eastern pedigree, an Islamic pedigree being unfortunately unavailable: ‘It is said that this science [Greek philosophy] existed anciently among the Chaldeans, who are the people of Iraq, later reaching the people of Egypt, from there passing to the Greeks, where it remained until it was transmitted to the Syrians and then to the Arabs.

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The virtuous city is like the limbs of a healthy body in making it possible for people to live well. There are four kinds of corrupt city in which people are not encouraged to live virtuously and as a result suffer harm and punishment, a model derived from Plato. Happiness is attainable by the philosophers through their pursuit of intellectual knowledge, and is available to ordinary believers who are not capable of philosophy through their religious and social practices. The philosopherking must also be a prophet, and uses his abilities to construct a political system in which the community as a whole will be able to participate in happiness and salvation.

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