Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology: Traditional and by Shirley D. Sullivan

By Shirley D. Sullivan

Sullivan specializes in 8 key mental phrases - phr n, thumos, kardia, kear, tor, nous, prapides, and psych - that seem often in historic Greek texts yet that have a variety of attainable meanings. collecting circumstances from The Persians, Seven opposed to Thebes, Suppliants, Agamemnon, Choephoroi, and Eumenides (instances from Prometheus certain, whose authorship is in query, are taken care of in notes and an appendix), Sullivan first examines every one psychic time period individually. She then discusses circumstances of the phrases in every one play, reading the that means of the psychic time period within the context of the play within which it seems that and offering information on Aeschylus' utilization. This ebook sheds mild at the wealthy and infrequently complicated manner during which Aeschylus makes use of mental terminology and is a wonderful reference for classicists, psychologists, philosophers, and students of comparative literature.

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At Choe. 1004 Orestes describes a bandit who "might warm ( ) his phren in many ways" in the snare ( ) he has used successfully in his trade. We heard above of phren being able to be "kindled into flame" (Ag. 2) and Pindar (Pyth. "135 Aeschylus uses the verb "warm," to suggest the joy that the bandit feels. Bum. 301. " Orestes will be so wretched that he will not be able to search out in his phrenes any sense of joy. 136 But Aeschylus does not associate love in an erotic sense with phren. Once we hear of the "loving" ( ) attitude of the Chorus to the dead Agamemnon (Ag.

573). She does likewise to Telemachus (Od. 76) and Nausicaa (Od. 45 We hear too of phrenes associated with fear. , //. 555, 15-627; Od. 357). "Fear" ( ) is found there (//. 394; Od. , Nem. 39). Aeschylus' references to "courage" and "fear," therefore, are traditional. "47 No "courage," sitting like a king on a throne and strong in its persuasive power, encourages phren to dispel the fear that flies before kardia. The thoughts of phren, it appears, somehow affirm the fear. This fear seems justified in the situation.

In Homer a person "fears" ( ) often in phrenes 35 Phren in the Tragedies: One (//. ; Od. 825). In them and 8eog are found (//. 152; Od. 88). Anacreon speaks of "fearful ( ) phrenes" (343-3)- Pindar twice mentions "fear ( ;)" in phrenes (Pyth. 32; Nem. 39). Per. 115. Aeschylus also relates phren to fear in several passages. At Per. " Aeschylus calls phren here "black-robed," the only instance of this adjective in his work. Elsewhere too he refers to the "darkness" of phren: Ag. 546 and Choe. " In such a condition, it is also "torn" with fear.

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