Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy by Brian Kahin, Dominique Foray

By Brian Kahin, Dominique Foray

The revolution in info know-how transforms not just details and its makes use of yet, extra vital, wisdom and the methods we generate and deal with it. wisdom is now visible as enter, output, and capital, no matter if imperfectly accounted for or understood. Many companies and public organizations are confident that wisdom could be controlled in refined, rational methods and that networking and data know-how are crucial instruments for doing so. during this assortment, specialists from North the USA and Europe examine the transformation of data within the international economic system in mild of the swift alterations in info expertise, the ensuing explosion of info, the popularity of intangibles as resources of price and legal responsibility, and the more and more blurred contrast among inner most and public knowledge.The attraction of the net as boundary-spanning wisdom infrastructure, bridging all sectors of the financial system, is shadowed by means of one other infrastructure of rights-based contracts, practices, and associations. The participants tackle the ways that the techniques for growing and organizing wisdom have interaction with info expertise, company process, and altering social and fiscal stipulations. They talk about the balkanization that effects from the complexity of the information financial system, the diversity of data assets, the good variety of institutional and marketplace contexts, and competing types of keep watch over and cooperation--and of proprietary and non-proprietary knowledge.Contributors:Berglind ?sgeirsd?ttir, Carliss Y. Baldwin, Kim B. Clark, Iain M. Cockburn, Patrick Cohendet, Robin Cowan, Paul A. David, Jan Fagerberg, Brian Fitzgerald, Dominque Foray, Peter A. Freeman, Fred Gault, Dietmar Harhoff, Margaret Hedstrom, C. Suzanne Iacono, Brian Kahin, John Leslie King, Kurt Larsen, Josh Lerner, Bengt-?ke Lundvall, David C. Mowery, Arti okay. Rai, Bhaven Sampat, Martin Schaaper, Tom Schuller, W. Edward Steinmueller, Stefan Thomke, Jean Tirole, Reinhilde Veugelers, St?phan Vincent-Lancrin, Eric von Hippel, Andrew Wyckoff

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There are many indicators of the activity of adopting technologies and practices and of related activities, much as is the case for the activity of innovation. The OECD publishes indicators of the use of biotechnologies, information and communications technologies, and nano technologies (OECD 2002b, 2003) and of knowledge management practices (Foray and Gault 2003). These indicators illustrate the use of knowledge by the firm to adopt new processes in order to do better what it does. Human Resource Development A key to all of these activities is the human element.

An example is an industry– university collaboration around the needs of an industry, with practical and well funded projects being available to academics and their graduate students. As the knowledge is developed collaboratively, the intellectual property can be managed differently from that of academics wishing to commercialize the results of their research through the university technology transfer office. Both of the examples just offered give rise to indicators of knowledge flow that is at least two way and that can be many way.

2001). Innovative Clusters: Drivers of National Innovation Systems. Paris: OECD. ——— (2002a). Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development. Paris: OECD. ——— (2002b). OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook. Paris: OECD. ——— (2002c). Measuring the Information Economy. Paris: OECD. ———(2003). OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard. Paris: OECD. ——— (2004a). Main Science and Technology Indicators, Vol. 2004. Paris: OECD. ——— (2004b).

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