# A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology by Wim Zonneveld

By Wim Zonneveld

The structure of the human language school has been one of many major foci of the linguistic examine of the final part century. This department of linguistics, largely referred to as Generative Grammar, is anxious with the formula of explanatory formal money owed of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior target of gaining perception into the houses of the 'language organ'. The sequence contains prime quality monographs and picked up volumes that tackle such matters. the subjects during this sequence diversity from phonology to semantics, from syntax to info constitution, from mathematical linguistics to reports of the lexicon.

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This mark will be absent from his shortening rule. _ Within the analysis proposed in this thesis it will be considered sufficient for B- and Α-vowels to be kept apart phonologically by the bisegmental versus monosegmental distinction, not by both this distinction and the tense/lax opposition. On the other hand, many aspects of our approach to vowel length - 47 - and vowel quality will have to be much more subtle and realistic (and hence more complicated) than proposed by Smith. Thus, Bvowels do not simply lengthen before r, but they undergo a change of »colour» ( « t Hart, 1969: 173-4): [a:] goes via [ε] to r, and the non-low vowels go via [a] (see also Blancquaert, 1950: 67)· The same effect, though to a lesser degree, occurs before 1^.

Weg en wil men zonder "hiaat" spreken, dan is de enig phonetics denkbare glide een w-klank. j As to cross-linguistic evidence, Van Haeringen suggests that A may have easily spirantized intervocalically from d_ into 4 (as has happened, for instance, in the development from Latin into French), while the further step of weakening to jj_ is then supported by a change from 4 to j[ after back vowels in Substandard Copenhagen dialect. Incorporating the weakening hypothesis into an overall diachronic account of intervocalic d phenomena in Dutch, Van Haeringen arrives at the following tripartite division (1926: 117-8): (12) (i) syncope with loss of the syllable (bodem/boom, buidel/buil, and so on, (2) and (3) righthand columns); (ii) weakening to i (after back vowels: goeie.

Thus formulated, however, the statement contains several over-generalizations: WEAKENING does not occur after all back and all front vowels, nor after all diphthongs. The set of vowels after which WEAKENING occurs was shown above to be that of (38): - 39 - (38) back: front: u, o: t a: i, e: There is, however, demonstrably a class of vowels after which WEAKENING must be blocked. This class is given in (39), (39) back: front: 0, a 1, e, U and illustrations are given in (40). lectives gladde Traditionally, these two sets of vowels (38) vs.